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what size of wood to use to build a balcony



what size of wood to use to build a balcony

50 wood deck design ideas - designing idea

the wood used for the deck is pickled oak to give a rustic appeal. the fireplace area has solid river stones cemented together. this balcony has a classic elegant appeal. it provides a good view of the garden/park and provides a sitting and dining area with umbrella for shade. floors are simply colored cement in an orange while the light ...

deck support column design & size

your municipal building department can advise you on the depth of the frost line in your area. you can build the deck support columns using a poured footing with a concrete tube to just above ground level and use a wood post to continue to deck beam level or you can take the concrete tubes to the height of the deck beams as shown in figure 2 ...

sizing posts | professional deck builder

for a deck framed from 2x10s i'd assume maximum spans of about 14 feet for joists and 10 feet for beams. this generally yields a maximum tributary area of about 70 square feet; i wouldn't blink at the use of 4x4 posts up to 8 feet in length. for taller decks with 2x10 framing i might question 4x4 posts.

deck framing: how to determine deck framing lumber sizes

joist framing – (how to determine deck framing lumber sizes) the rim joists are the joists that make up the outside of the frame. if the deck is fastened to a house or other building the board that fastens to the house framing is the ledger board. the ledger board is another joist and is usually the same size lumber as the other joists.

how to build a simple diy deck on a budget

step 5: prep your deck wood. for me i decided to use 2 x 4 douglas fir wood (simple framing-wood) because it is inexpensive but still extremely strong. if you can get your hands on a wood planer use it! it will make sure all your wood is the same height and also give those rough 2 x 4s a beautiful smooth finish.

which timber to use for decking | bunnings warehouse

which timber to use for decking building a deck is a great way to add extra living space and value to your home. but before the building can begin there are a few things you need to consider when selecting timber for your deck.

deck framing - mycarpentry

the materials required to frame the 10' x 10' (3048 mm x 3048 mm) deck are listed in the table below (all wood should be structural or #1 grade pressure treated pint. the list does not contain the materials required for stairs decking or railing.

what size screws should be used to install wood decking ...

the rim joists of the deck are usually connected to the posts and to each other with bolts but large diameter screws called lag screws also can be used. these screws should be at least 1/2 inch in diameter if they will support the weight of the deck and the point should sink at least 1 1/2 inches into the stationary member.

building a code-compliant deck - extreme how to

railing systems. the posts should be a minimum 4×4 size and be solidly anchored to the deck joist and rim joist of the structure. use two through-bolts and a metal tension tie for the upper bolt connection. if a deck’s guard-posts anchoring does not have a minimum allowable tension load of 1800 lbs. for a 36-in.

second story balcony additions - modernize

a balcony that extends four feet outward is a reasonable size for accommodating a few chairs and two to three people. but if you’re planning to use your balcony for storage or to extend your entertaining space you may want look into a bigger structure or opt for a ground-floor deck.

how to build a deck: wood decking and railings

if the deck boards are dry you'll need to create the drainage gap as you build. use 8d nails as temporary spacers between boards to set them the proper distance apart. use 8d nails as temporary spacers between boards to set them the proper distance apart.

determining the size and layout of a deck | how-tos | diy

as a general rule footers are spaced 4-8 feet apart but this can vary depending on the size of your deck and strength of the footers so do your homework. hammer wood stakes into the ground where footers will be dug measuring as you go. use string to help visualize where support beams will be placed.

what is the cost to build a deck? use our calculator

for an average deck size between 200 and 500 square feet you can expect to pay out between $7000 and $17000 just for installation and labor. the good news is that this cost can be virtually eliminated by doing the labor yourself. if you are handy and have the tools you can build your deck and save thousands of dollars.

essential deck building beam options

depending on the size of the structure you want to build you will probably use 4 x 4 posts with 2 x 8 beams for a ground level deck design with or without a couple of steps or 6 x 6 posts and 2 x 10 beams to support the weight of a bigger and higher deck design structure.

what fastener should you use for deck ... - nail gun network

what type of fastener can i use for wood deck board? standard wood decking is pretty versatile in how it can be assembled to the deck frame. the least expensive option for installing wood deck boards is to use framing nails though we don't necessarily recommend them. you'll see a lot of builder-grade decks assembled with framing nails which ...

joist layout ideas for stronger decks | professional deck ...

most deck builders would typically support the free end of a deck this size on a beam made from two 2x12s supported on three posts set 7 feet 6 inches apart. (a beam made from three 2x10s would also work and each piece would be lighter and easier to handle.)

the abcs of deck building | better homes & gardens

be aware that lumber actually has two sizes -- its nominal size (such as 2x4) and its actual size (a 2x4 is actually 1-1/2x3-1/2 inches). when you're graphing out your deck draw in the nominal size; when you're estimating for materials think in actual size. figure the square footage of your deck (width multiplied by length).

best wood deck board materials - thespruce.com

pressure treated wood in longer lengths (10 feet or greater) and wider widths (6 inches or greater) can work as an effective deck board but with a few limitations. softwoods like douglas fir hemlock southern yellow pine and ponderosa pine easily decay and provide an attractive food source to termites and carpenter ants.

expert tips for how to build a deck | family handyman

if i need to build a 20-ft.-wide deck i’ll make it about 19 ft. 6 in. and use all 10-ft. decking on both halves. that allows for 1-in. overhangs and cutting off some bad ends. seaming also works well for solid composite decking which comes in fewer lengths.

how to calculate the framing size for a deck | home guides ...

related articles. deduct twice the overhang from the finished width of the decking. the result is the external width of the decking frame. for example if the finished decking should have a width of 14 feet and the desired board overhang is 1 inch on each side the frame width should be 13 feet 10 inches -- 14 feet minus 2 inches equals 13 feet 10 inches.

wood - which is better for deck flooring: 2x6 or 1x6 deck ...

which is better for deck flooring: 2x6 or 1x6 deck boards? ... using 2x stock over undersized joists does help make the deck feel more solid. if you have 24 oc joists i'd definitely stay with the 2x decking. an other option if you have wider joist spacing is to add a joist between each one if possible then you can use 1x wood or even better ...

how to choose deck boards | home guides | sf gate

select 5/4 wood at a minimum. this dimension is 1 to 1-1/4 inches thick. any less thickness produces a springy weak deck. joist spacing also determines how thick your deck boards must be.

how to build code compliant deck railing - part 2

how to build code compliant deck railing – part 2 i purchased 2×2 inch by 8 feet long #2 grade pressure treated southern yellow pine lumber measured and sawed the pickets. the pickets are cut to span the distance from the 2×4 top rail to the 2×4 bottom rail with a 25 degree angle bottom cut for a drip-edge.

how to build stairs what size lumber? - fine homebuilding

i use 2x12. take a piece of plywood or anything wide. draw a triangle of 7 1/2" on one side 11" on the second side and the 3rd side is the edge of the wood. now you have a triangle drawn into the wood face. now draw a straight line 8" back of the edge which is the front face of the wood. how much room do you have left?

how to builid code-compliant deck railings & posts ...

with 2x2s choose good stock and reject any pieces with large knots or other defects that might weaken the baluster. use stainless steel coated or hot-dipped galvanized nails or screws that are rate for use with today’s pressure-treated wood. at a minimum use either one screw or two spiral-shank nails top and bottom on each baluster.

read this before you build your deck | this old house

composite deck boards made of 75 percent wood fiber and 25 percent polypropylene are surprisingly wood-like in looks and performance. you can paint stain or nail through them and they can even withstand ground contact without rotting or cracking.

how to buy decking boards lumber | family handyman

deck boards: if a deck board isn’t perfectly straight you can work the bow out of it as you nail it to the joists. and if there’s a foot or two of bad material you can cut out the defect then use the resulting two shorter pieces for a smaller area of the deck stair treads or landings.

deck size & height - landscaping network

average deck size. the average deck size is between 300 and 400 square feet. generally a deck should be wider than it is deep with the longer dimension running along the house. with large decks consider making them multi-level designs. this will help break up the look and designate areas for certain activities.

how to build stairs what size lumber? - fine homebuilding

use some 2x4 cleats and bolt them with washers. 2x10 works for the treads and i'd bolt them too. if your total height is 8' you will have 12 risers at 8" and 11 treads at 9 1/4". that brings you out about 8 1/2'. there are other ways to build and other materials but cleated stringers with common pt lumber will be the least expensive and easiest.

estimate and build a deck in 7 easy steps | dengarden

because our deck will measure 16 feet wide by 12 feet out from the house we do not need any center support beams. the 2x10x12' floor joists placed 16 inches apart will give us plenty of support. the deck is secured to the house with a ledger board. the ledger is fastened directly to the joists or studs of the house.

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